DEVELOPING POSITIVE ATTITUDES
Positive attitudes that help reduce accident risk are;
* A tollerance and consideration for other road users.
* A realistic appraisal of your own abilities.
* A high degree of care for you and your passengers
and the safety of other road users.
You need to recognise your own limitations by...Not
reacting aggressively to another road user's aggressive behaviour.
Make decisions carefully and do not act unpredictably.
Recognise that attitudes affect safety.
ATTITUDES TO RISK TAKING
There is always some degree of risk associated with driving a vehicle as it involves moving a large heavy object (half a tonne car) at relatively high speeds,
but a driver's attitude can greatly influence the risk involved. Attitudes which pre-dispose you to risk are:
* Enjoying the thrill of danger
* Enjoying impressing passengers or other drivers
* A disregard for personal safety
* The illusion of control, or over-estimating your ability
* Justifying risks because...
Young inexperienced drivers run the greatest risk of accidents because they have a greater tendency to seek risk and disregard danger.
Many drivers take risks to impress people - for example, young male drivers tend to drive faster when they have young male passengers than when they are alone or have a female passenger.
Drivers tend to suffer from the illusion of control, basicially they over estimate their ability to cope with the demands of traffic when driving. This undermines the accurate perception of risk.
WHAT MAKES YOU A GOOD DRIVER
It is not simply the speed of your reactions that determine whether you are a safe driver but your ability to identify and respond to hazards.
Being able to respond quickly does not in itself reduce accident risk. Young inexperienced drivers typically have very fast reactions to simple stimuli but have slow reactions to traffic hazards.
The ability to detect hazards is learnt like any other skill.
Because the experienced driver is more aware of the potential dangers, they are more alert while driving and this helps to sustain their concentration.
ATTITUDE TO SPEED
The speed at which you drive is one of the most important factors in determining your risk of having an accident. The faster you go the less chance you have of taking avoiding action and the greater your risk of having an accident. Speed is largely a matter of choice. Good driving requires you to drive at a speed that is safe for the conditions of the road.
ATTITUDE TO OTHER ROAD USERS.
Good driving depends on constructive attitudes and consideration for other road users. There is too much selfish and aggressive behaviour on our roads. Such behaviour increases the stress levels of other drivers and increases the risk of accidents. We need to be more tollerent and avoid actions which create unnecessary stress.