*   If visibility is poor during the day due to heavy rain, snow, fog, mist, or just an overcast 

     sky turn on your headlights so that your vehicle can be seen.

*   If visibility is seriously reduced, turn on your rear foglights. Remember to turn them off

    when the visibility improves so as not to dazzle other road users.

*   Insure you carry spare bulbs with you.




•   Ensure your windscreen and all windows are clear and un-obstructed

•   Windscreen wipers and washers are working 

•   Washer bottle is topped up 

•   All lights and indicators are clean and working properly

•   You have a windscreen scraper and de-icer canister.

*   You have Anti-freeze in you cooling system.

Your Tyres.

In wet and freezing conditions the grip between your tyres and the road is severely reduced.

Make sure your tyres (including the spare) have plenty of tread depth. Currently the legal minimum thread depth is 1.6mm which is ridiculous. Make sure you have plenty of Tyre thread depth and your tyres are in good condition and are inflated to the correct pressure.

Starting your car 1st thing in the morning.

It can be difficult to start your car first thing in the morning. 

Because a car engine is cold it will require some additional petrol initially to start it up. Making sure your car is in neutral and handbrake is on, turn your key to the on position or when your dashboard is lit up with all your ignition lights.  De-press the accelerator or gas pedal twice as this activates a choke in the engine and will allow additional fuel in for a short time until the car has started and warmed up. It will then return to its normal position.

Water Hazards.

Heavy rain falls and flash flooding are becoming more frequent. Driving through mini rivers can be daunting. 

Always drive in the middle of the road as this is the highest point.

Always drive slowly as the water can splash into your engine and your car will cut out.

Use 1st or 2nd gears.

After exiting the water de-press your brakes several times to insure they are still working.

Prevent Your Car Skidding - How To Cope with A Skid.

Skidding is more likely to occur when there is ice, snow or water on the road. 

However it is important to remember that most skidding is a result of bad driving.  

A car will only skid if it is being driven at an inappropriate speed or if provoked to do so by aggressive steering, braking or acceleration.

To prevent skidding you should never ask your car to do more than it can do with the tyre grip available. 

As a result, in poor weather conditions you should:

•    Slow down

•    Increase your stopping distance, so if the vehicle in front stops unexpectedly 

      you have enough space to brake to a stop without skidding.

•    Take extra care when approaching a bend.

•    Be gentle and progressive when steering, accelerating and braking.


Your car is more likely to skid when the road is icy or covered in snow. In such conditions to avoid skidding you should slow right down. You should also steer and brake very gently. Your stopping distance should also be increased  up to ten times more than in normal conditions.


When driving in winter, and especially on a winters evening when the sky is clear you should look out for ice forming on the road. For early warning signs look to see if ice is forming on the windows of parked cars.

In freezing conditions beware of rain. This can form black ice, which lies invisible on the road.

Black ice isn't actually black it is transparent. Hence it's notoriety as a driver hazard.